Can a Chameleon Live with an Anole? 3 Powerful Facts

Can a Chameleon Live with an Anole

Is it wise for a Chameleon to Live with an Anole? Chameleons vary in size and body structure, with maximum total lengths varying from 15 mm (0.59 in) in male to 68.5 cm (27.0 in) in the male. Many have a head or facial ornamentation, such as nasal protrusions, or horn-like projections in the case of or large crests on top of their heads. Many species of chameleons are sexually dimorphic, and the males are typically much more ornamented than their female chameleons.

Anoles and chameleons are similar in many ways, but they have a few important differences which prevent them from being good cage mates.

Both are diurnal insectivores that frequent areas of secondary plant growth, such as gardens and forest edges. Additionally, both will autotomize their tails readily if grasped by a predator; while they may regenerate, regrown tails lack the length and functionality of the originals. Jump to Anole Eggs – Do Anoles Lay Unfertilized Eggs?

Lizards Cohabitation

If Your Iguana is Large and aggressive they can eat Anoles

Both lizards change colors and that is why people commonly mistake one for the other.

Can Chameleon Live with an Anole / Chameleons / Anoles Their Eyes

Chameleon’s eyes move independently from each other, where Anole’s eyes, although may appear to look like Chameleon eyes, do not work that way.  It would be great to see through Chameleon’s eyes to see how their brains process this sight.

Their Tongues

A couple of other differences would be the tongue; Chameleon tongues extend out of their mouths to catch food.  Their tongues are sticky to the touch and whatever they are going after adheres to it and then is drawn back into its mouth, for a tasty meal. 

 Anoles must chase something down and grab it with their mouth to get their meals. The tail on a Chameleon is prehensile, meaning it can grab on to help with balance on branches.  This works like some monkey’s tails.  And an Anole tail does not grab and hold on to things.

Their Feet

One more thing to point out would be the feet, primarily the toes on each lizard.  Both have five toes on each foot, but an Anole’s toes are separated from each other.  Whereas a Chameleon’s toes are much different, on the front feet, two toes are bundled together making up the outer part of the foot and the other three are bundled together making up the inner part of the foot.  

The rear foot, the toes are also bundled together but in the opposite configuration.  This makes their feet have a tong-like appearance. Their grip is very strong, and along with their tail, they can stay secure on the limbs of a tree. Check these animals out both are very interesting.

Tempting Tails / Dinner

In addition to the normal challenges of keeping any two lizard species in the same cage, long-tailed lizards provide one further problem.

Anoles relish larvae and small worms, and the tail tips of long-tailed lizards resemble tasty morsels.

Lizard Fights

If an anole tries to eat the “larva,” he is likely to injure his cage mate, and potentially cause more violent conflict. Though a tail wound may not kill your long-tailed lizard, you certainly want to protect his namesake appendage.

Housing Chameleons with Anoles

The chameleon owners often want to keep other species in the same terrarium. This seems to save space; technology and the animal can interact with each other instead of sitting around bored or is it not that easy?

In principle, the following considerations should be made.

  • The species to be socialized should come from the same habitat and occur in parallel in nature. In addition, they should require the same climate condition and very similar terrarium equipment’s horn frogs for example need different conditions than a chameleon and come from South America where there is no chameleon at all.
  • One species should not be the prey or predator of the other.
  • Big chameleons try to eat almost anything that moves fast.
  • Small geckos, anoles, frogs, small mammals, or birds in the same terrarium are therefore welcome food. Be careful even with larger geckos like Phelsuma Grandis, attacks from chameleons are also known for this species. On the other side, chameleons can eat anoles.
  • The animals should not disturb each other. A nocturnal large gecko species for example can massively disturb a sleeping chameleon and vice versa during the day.
  • Normal terrarium size is not sufficient. There must be a very generous well-structured terrarium that offers more than enough space for multiple species.
  • Alternative terrariums should be available for all animals placed in a foreign cage. This means that for each animal there must also be an unoccupied but fully equipped terrarium. So, you do not save anything in technology space and money.
  • The owner should be able to care for both types separately from each other for years successfully and know the individual animals and their behavior.
  • Simply putting newly bought animals together carries a high risk of conflict. In addition, especially beginners in chameleon keeping should first learn to correctly interpret the animal and they’re often easily overlooked signs of illness, mood, etc. Not carrying out quarantine can also mean clearing the entire terrarium in the event of parasite infestation.
  • The keeper must have time to observe the animals intensively, during the first weeks, to separate individual animals from the other if necessary.

Housing several species together can only function if both species do not have to retreat because of their neighbors. As can see from the condition mentioned a permanently functioning socializing of different species requires immense preparations and relatively high expenditure.

On the other hand, there is an environmental enrichment of both species, and great observation for the owner bus also increased stress and an increased risk of injury for inhabitants.

Many zoos show terrarium with different species kept together. To conclude from this that the same species could just as well be accommodated together at home can have fatal consequences. Zoos have different conditions than private owners usually have more socialization despite better knowledge.

Whether and for how long this function remains hidden from the visitor. As a rule, cohabitation should be reserved for very experienced owners and only function in the long term under special conditions. Also always remember, what is good with one holder does not have to be good with the nest one.

Chameleon Among Each Other

The most aggressive chameleon that is Furcifer pardalis, can only be kept individually as they are very aggressive within the species. Pairing is often only possible for the duration of pairing itself. The chameleons do not bite or attack each other but the presence of a second animal can lead to death due to the stress caused in the oppressed animal. Young animals can often still be raised in a group but already at the age of a few months, the chameleon must be accommodated individually.

In some African chameleon species, it may be possible to keep couples or groups with ample space. In such cases, alternative terrariums should always be provided because not every individual gets along with partner animals. Also, some pair-holds of calumma parsonii are known.

Such groups should be kept exclusively by experienced owners, who know the individual for years and notice also small signs of incompatibilities. In pairs that have been kept together from a young age, it may happen that males do not want to mate, or females become gravid much too early. In case of doubt, keeping chameleon solitary is always a safe option.

Chameleon Feeding

The chameleon’s tongue apparatus consists of highly modified hyoid bones, tongue muscles, and collagenous elements. The hyoid bone has an elongated, parallel-sided projection, called the ento-glossal process, over which a tubular muscle, the accelerator muscle, sits.

The accelerator muscle contracts around the ento-glossal process and is responsible for creating the work to power tongue projection, both directly and through the loading of collagenous elements located between the ento-glossal process and the accelerator muscle, The tongue retractor muscle, the hyoglossus, connects the hyoid and accelerator muscle and is responsible for drawing the tongue back into the mouth following tongue projection.

Tongue projection occurs at extremely high performance, reaching the prey in as little as 0.07 seconds, having been launched at accelerations exceeding 41 g. The power with which the tongue is launched, known to exceed 3000 W kg−1, exceeds that which muscle can produce, indicating the presence of an elastic power amplifier to power tongue projection.

Reptiles Living Together

The recoil of elastic elements in the tongue apparatus is thus responsible for large percentages of the overall tongue projection performance.

One consequence of the incorporation of an elastic recoil mechanism to the tongue projection mechanism is the relative thermal insensitivity of tongue projection relative to tongue retraction, which is powered by muscle contraction alone and is heavily thermally sensitive.

While other ectothermic animals become sluggish as their body temperatures decline, due to a reduction in the contractile velocity of their muscles, chameleons can project their tongues at high performance even at low body temperatures. The thermal sensitivity of tongue retraction in chameleons, however, is not a problem, as chameleons have a very effective mechanism of holding onto their prey once the tongue has come into contact with it, including surface phenomena, such as wet adhesion and interlocking, and suction.

The thermal insensitivity of tongue projection thus enables chameleons to feed effectively on cold mornings prior to being able to behaviourally elevate their body temperatures through thermoregulation, when other sympatric lizards species are still inactive, likely temporarily expanding their thermal niche as a result.

Chameleon Live with an Anole


Different Types of Lizards can stay together, but close observation needs to take place. Also If the Iguana is aggressive care needs to be taken that the Iguana does not eat the anole. Consideration needs to be given for extra space consideration for both species.

Recent Posts